Every parent must have a variety of ways to educate children. Even so, whatever the way parents use in educating children, everything will definitely lead to the goodness of the child.With the right way to educate, the nature and behavior of the child will be the one expected by their parents. The method is in the form of proper parenting.
Parenting is a behavior pattern applied by parents to children that is carried out consistently from time to time. Parenting can be in the form of interaction patterns, application of rules, and a system of reward and punishment.
In educating children, parents often refer to the educational patterns that he received as a child. Either adjust to what he has ever received or just the opposite.
If parents feel the parenting style they received when they were little makes it comfortable, usually parents will carry out the same parenting style.
4 Types of Parenting Patterns
There are 4 types of parenting, including:
# 1 Authoritarian parenting
Authoritarian parenting is a pattern of care that places parents as the most righteous person and must be obeyed. The way to educate children who are often used is top down, everything is determined by parents, while children are not given a voice.
Authoritarian parenting usually makes parents become selfish and stubborn. The child must obey all the wishes of the parents even if the child does not like it. Not infrequently everything is done by force.
If the child refuses or opposes, parents with authoritarian parenting tend to give punishment for insubordination. At the most severe stage, the punishment is physical punishment.
Authoritarian parenting will make the distance between children and parents. This is because children are afraid to be close to their parents, while parents are stiff and not warm towards their children.
The most severe impact of this upbringing is that the child feels depressed and isolated in his own home. This can lead to insubordination and children being aggressive outside the home.
# 2 Permissive parenting
Permissive parenting is a parenting style that is inversely proportional to authoritarian parenting. Permissive parenting is a pattern of care that frees the desires of children. Everything is permissible, there are no strict rules.
Parents often always obey the wishes of children and understand the mistakes made by children. So that the system of reward and punishment is not effective because parents feel bad when giving punishment.
Permissive parenting does make the relationship between parents and children warm and close. But it is also possible that the child becomes a spoiled figure and lacks responsibility.
This can lead to difficulties for the child in the future because children become difficult to be independent and rely on the help of parents or other people.
In addition, parental orders are also very likely to be ignored because they know they will not be punished and understandable.
# 3 Abandonment
This parenting is a form of parental indifference. They do not care for and educate children directly. Everything is done by the hands of a third person. For example, a babysitter or mother-in-law.
Parents of this type are often parents who focus on pursuing careers and don’t have much free time for their children or family.
Children who grow up in parenting like this will lose touch and affection from their parents.
Children from this upbringing are forced to grope for themselves about what must be done or precisely close to their caregivers who are not their own parents. They also tend to be closed figures.
Children will find it difficult to find a figure that he can make as a place of complaining. The impact can make the child become self-closed to intercourse, low self-esteem, not confident until it ends depression.
# 4 Democratic
Democratic parenting is a pattern of caring for a combination of authoritarian and permissive. Democratic parenting is the most ideal parenting style. This is because the wishes of the child are valued and listened to while the parent remains in control.
In this upbringing, the relationship between children and parents is always maintained and warm at one time, but at other times parents remain firm. In addition, decision making is an agreement between parents and children.