Health Knowledge

Hemorrhoids, The symptoms, Complications, Causes, What You And Your Doctor Do

Hemorrhoids (Fissura Ani, Varices)

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum (large intestine) and around the rectum (anus). There are 2 types of hemorrhoids namely externa and interna.

Hemorrhoids are the main cause of anal bleeding. Hemorrhoids are not a dangerous situation. But it is important to be distinguished from more serious causes of bleeding such as rectum cancer.

Hemorrhoids, The symptoms, Complications, Causes, What You And Your Doctor Do

a. The symptoms

  • Fresh blood on toilet paper/dirt or dripping from the rectum after removing the stool.
  • Soft lumps around the rectum. Sometimes it’s a big-time like a bunch of grapes.
  • Feel pain when removing poop.
  • Rectal itching for several reasons.
  • Constipation, caused by enlargement of hemorrhoids so that clogging up the flow of feces.

b. Complications

  • Heavy bleeding, anemia (this vein wall is so thin that it can easily tear and bleed).
  • Infection from the referee.
  • Hemorrhoid prolapse (enlargement of hemorrhoids that come out of the anus which cannot be put back into the rectum).

c. Causes

  • Increased pressure on the veins around the rectum and anus is caused by straining during bowel movements, coughing, pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Weakness in venous valve due to heredity,
  • so that it cannot inhibit the backflow of hemorrhoid blood. This kind tends to be passed down in families.

d. What you can do

  • Check with your doctor to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Apply a haermorrhoid ointment or insert a suppository anal tablet for hemorrhoids (rectal tablets).
  • Soak in warm water (sit in a bath filled with warm salt water to the hip limit for 15 minutes).
  • Clean the rectum slowly with tissue paper moistened or cleaned with water only, without rubbing.
  • Press into the hemorrhoids protruding / out slowly
  • land until it enters the rectum

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