We all know the pain when someone has kidney stones – and those who have experienced it never want to experience it again. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to help prevent kidney stones in the urinary tract.
How to prevent kidney stones
1. Drink lots of water.
Remember, dehydration is one of the main causes of kidney stones. When the weather is hot, dehydration will be easier. Increase your fluid intake immediately. Active people should drink at least half a liter of liquid one to two hours before outdoor activities. Overall, drink at least 2 liters every day. Signs of dehydration include fatigue, loss of appetite, skin redness, heat intolerance, dizziness, dark urine and dry cough.
2. Limit sodium.
This will reduce the amount of calcium in your urine, which in turn reduces the tendency for calcium stones to form. Maybe you stopped adding extra salt to your food.
Another way to limit sodium is to avoid processed meat, salty foods (ordinary soup, boxes or cans, noodles or rice mixtures) and salty snacks.
3. Eat more oranges,
Eat foods that are rich in citrate, including oranges, melons, lemons and limes.
Kidney stones are also more common in those who have a family history, or those who already have them.
Urologist Manoj Monga, MD, FACS, he stressed the importance of proper hydration and a healthy diet. “Limit foods that are high in protein, including meat, eggs and fish, as well as fast and fast foods, which often contain a lot of salt,” he said.
How do you know if you have kidney stones?
Unfortunately, there are some signs that kidney stones are formed. Usually, you don’t know until the kidney stones start moving. When this happens, a person usually experiences pain in the upper back which can go down to the lower abdomen.
The good news is that when kidney stones appear, you have a variety of treatment options. A small kidney stone can be present for years without any symptoms. And when discomfort starts, there are medicines that doctors can prescribe to allow the stone to pass naturally.
How to deal with kidney stone disease?
For these drugs to work, there must be an early diagnosis, said Dr. Monga For larger stones, he performs a variety of safe surgical procedures including:
Shock wave lithotripsy
An outpatient procedure that uses sound waves to break up kidney stones into smaller parts which then spread on their own.
An outpatient procedure in which the scope is inserted through the ureter (opening through which the urine passes) and the laser is used to break stones; fragments are removed in small baskets, although some may pass urine.
An inpatient procedure that involves making a small incision (about one inch) in the back through which larger or less accessible stones are removed;
If you have symptoms of kidney stones, consult your doctor. There are many ways to find a cure.