Gout is a disease of arthritis caused by crystallization of sodium urate in or around the joint.
The pain that arises is very annoying especially in the big toe joint accompanied by reddening swelling and lasts for three to ten days. Pain due to arthritis will be felt in the first six to twenty-four hours the gout attack begins. After three days to ten days.
Usually, the pain in the joint will disappear, and the joint will look like before without any swelling. Although it looks cured, arthritis can generally recur.
Causes of Gout
Gout is caused by high levels of uric acid. Gout is a waste that is formed from the breakdown of purines in the body cells.
This acid is discharged from our body through the kidneys every day. If uric acid is removed from the body far less than the amount of production, then the residual acid will accumulate in and around the joints in the form of sharp crystals of sodium urate.
The formation and buildup of these crystals can last for years without us knowing. Some stacked crystals will come out of the cartilage and make a soft layer of the synovium in the joints will experience inflammation that feels painful. When this happens, it means the patient is experiencing an attack of gout.
Eventually, the stacked crystals will form a hard lump called a toph. This TOFI can cause damage to the joint cartilage and surrounding bone. If not treated immediately, it can lead to permanent joint damage and if it’s like this, the joint will feel stiff and painful when moved.
Diet for Gout Patients
One of the causes of gout is the habit of consuming foods with high purine content. For this reason, it is important to note the right diet for gout sufferers as follows:
1. Limit Fat
Always limit your intake of fat such as choosing lean meat and foods that use less oil in its processing
2. Consuming Vegetable Protein
The diet of gout sufferers must be limited. Protein from meat, fish, and poultry is limited to 80-120 g / day
3. Increase the fluid intake
Drinking lots of water can help get rid of uric acid in the urine. Those of you who have gout, are advised to drink at least 2.5 liters of water/day
4. Limit Purines
Limiting purines is the core of the diet in gout sufferers, limit consumption of the brain, liver, kidneys, broth, heart, mackerel, sardines, and shellfish.