Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) is a screening program for early detection of hearing loss in all newborns. Hearing screening in newborns is called OAE (oto acoustic emission) screening. This screening assesses the function of the cochlea (cochlea).
|photo by @jake101|
Acoustic emission auto screening is carried out on:
A. A healthy baby without risk factors
B. Babies with the following risk factors
- Family history of hearing loss
- Abnormal ear and head shape
- Infections in the womb (toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes, syphilis)
- Different physical conditions associated with hearing loss
- Birth weight less than 1500 grams
- Babies with care at NICU 48 hours
- Babies with respiratory disorders.
- Babies who get breathing apparatus for 5 days or more
- Yellow in infants at levels that require an exchange transfusion
- Infants suffering from inflammation of the brain
- Infants who receive antibiotics, which have the potential to interfere with hearing for more than 5 days
OAE screening can be done since the baby is 2 days old. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that screening should be done before the age of 3 months and interventions have been given before the age of 6 months.
Interventions given at the age of 6 months can prevent language development disorders so that children have good speech