Have you ever realized that there are more than 100 trillion microorganisms from 10,000 different species living in our digestive tract?
These microorganisms have different properties, so it is important to maintain the balance of digestive disorders. Of course, we want the “good” bacteria to dominate and maintain our digestive health.
Besides suppressing the growth of harmful bacteria and fungi, these good bacteria can also support the immune system and inflammation regulation.
Good bacteria can thrive and function properly if supported by the right nutrition to provide benefits to the body as their host.
Prebiotics are food compounds that cannot be digested and are beneficial for the growth of good bacteria in the large intestine.
Prebiotics are fiber, which is part of carbohydrates, but not all fiber can be categorized as prebiotics. Only fiber that has been researched and scientifically proven to stimulate the growth and activity of good bacteria in the intestines, which are beneficial for digestive health, can be called prebiotics.
Prebiotic fibers are naturally found in plants such as wheat, banana, onions, asparagus, etc.
A common example of a prebiotic is FOS. FOS can be obtained by extracting chicory root fiber, which is a natural dietary fiber.
This proven prebiotic fiber cannot be digested by the small intestine and then moves to the large intestine. It provides a source of nutritious food for the beneficial bacteria that live there.
The bacteria in the gut convert FOS into short-chain fatty acids, which nourish colon cells and provide various other health benefits.
These benefits include supporting the absorption of other calcium minerals, supporting the immune system’s effectiveness, reducing the risk of colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, and constipation.
We must choose an intake that is rich in prebiotic fiber in the daily menu so that the balance of good bacteria in the digestive tract is not disturbed.
One practical way to help meet your prebiotic needs is to eat various fruits and vegetables and choose additional nutrients fortified with prebiotic fiber.