When the baby needs a very high intake of milk, sometimes some mothers think that it’s okay to replace breast milk intake with formula milk. But breast milk is the best food for babies. However, under certain conditions, the mother cannot produce breast milk so that the baby needs formula milk to meet nutritional intake.
With so many babies and children under five years of age (toddlers) consuming formula milk, cow’s milk allergy is a typical case.
About 2 to 7.5 per cent of children under five have a cow’s milk allergy. If not treated immediately, this allergy can interfere with child development.
“Allergies can be suppressed, but they cannot be completely eliminated. And, milk allergy is not a barrier to children’s growth if handled properly, “said Dr Zakiudin Munasir, Sp. A (K), Chair of the Immunology Allergy Division, Department of Pediatrics FKUI / RSCM
Cow’s milk allergy can occur because the child is sensitive to the protein components of cow’s milk or in the process of making the milk. Sensitive body and milk protein are considered enemies. If the body feels hostile, it will begin to react in the form of allergies.
Cow’s milk protein can also be a problem for low immunity. It also occurs due to a child’s digestive tract that is not yet functioning properly. Thus, cow’s milk protein cannot be digested or broken down properly in the body.
In hypersensitive children, these proteins can trigger the formation of an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These IgE antibodies cause the release of histamine, a substance that causes various allergic reactions in the body.
Clinical symptoms will appear within one hour (fast reaction) or after one hour (slow response) after consuming cow’s milk protein.
For that, identify the symptoms, and immediately go to the doctor to get the right advice on how to treat cow’s milk allergy.
Symptoms of cow’s milk allergy vary widely, ranging from skin redness, itching, swelling and eczema. It can also irritate the digestive system resulting in nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. Allergies can also occur in the respiratory tract such as recurring colds cough, shortness of breath and asthma.
“Symptoms of milk allergy can sometimes appear one week after consumption,” said Dr Zakiudin.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of cow’s milk allergy in infants and children with cases varying from mild to severe. Please note, allergic reactions to cow’s milk are still possible in 0.5 per cent of babies who get exclusive.